biology

Male and Female Athletic Performance: Worlds Apart

Male and Female Athletic Performance: Worlds Apart

In line with the biology of sexual reproduction and evolutionary pressure on reproductive fitness, males and females are physically different. Physical divergence begins with primary sex development at around seven weeks in utero when, triggered by genetic information inherited at fertilization, bipotential gonads differentiate as either testes in males or

Jon Pike, Emma Hilton, and Leslie A. Howe
Jon Pike, Emma Hilton, and Leslie A. Howe
8 min read
sports
Sex Differences, Gender, and Competitive Sport

Sex Differences, Gender, and Competitive Sport

Sport often presents us with striking visual examples of how certain aspects of society play out. Whether it be nationalism, leadership, teamwork, competitiveness, or the ability of humans to achieve truly great acts, sport is an embodiment of how these factors interact and display themselves on a world stage. Sport

Andrew Langford
Andrew Langford
12 min read
biology
What Light Does ‘Three Identical Strangers’ Throw on the Nature/Nurture Debate?

What Light Does ‘Three Identical Strangers’ Throw on the Nature/Nurture Debate?

The 2018 film, Three Identical Strangers, is gripping. It is both an exposé of a 1950s secret twin study (studies of triplets fall under the general heading of “twin or multiple birth studies”) and a heartbreaking portrayal of identical triplets, Robert, David and Eddy, who were separated at birth, then

Nancy L. Segal
Nancy L. Segal
9 min read
biology