Europe

A Fracture Revealed, Not Healed

A Fracture Revealed, Not Healed

As the scale of her defeat in the Presidential election was announced, Marine Le Pen, leader of the Rassemblement National (RN), was quick to gloss it. “Millions of our compatriots,” she declared (in a speech that must have been prepared for weeks), “have chosen the national camp and change,” and

John Lloyd
John Lloyd
8 min read
Politics
The Dangers of Western Complacency

The Dangers of Western Complacency

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has revived the Western alliance. After years of drift and self-doubt, the West has been reminded of its historic and institutional uniqueness by seeing the contrast between the atavistic revanchism of Vladimir Putin and the heroism of Ukraine’s defenders. Once again, our collective purpose

Fredrik Erixon and Dalibor Rohac
Fredrik Erixon and Dalibor Rohac
6 min read
Politics
Macron Will Have to Do

Macron Will Have to Do

As we approach the denouement of France’s two-stage presidential election, it becomes clear that the race has been a missed opportunity to consolidate opinion in France, and perhaps Europe, against the malevolent rule of Vladimir Putin. This may not greatly trouble the conscience of Emmanuel Macron, whose bid for

Brian Stewart
Brian Stewart
7 min read
Politics
The Curious Case of Hungary

The Curious Case of Hungary

The rapid emergence of anti-liberal political movements in a number of countries over the last few years has taken many political scientists and psychologists by surprise. And the rejection of the liberal democratic model is indeed puzzling, since Western liberal democracies have produced unprecedented levels of freedom, justice, fairness, equality,

Joseph Paul Forgas
Joseph Paul Forgas
7 min read
Politics
The New Great Game

The New Great Game

Russia’s invasion of the Ukraine will be remembered as one of the great crimes of the 21st century. The ensuing humanitarian crisis has already caused more than two million refugees to flee their homeland. With the imposition of sanctions, policymakers will have to weigh their political options as a

Joel Kotkin and Hügo Krüger
Joel Kotkin and Hügo Krüger
9 min read
Politics
Tocqueville and Ukraine: European Union, Freedom, and Responsibility

Tocqueville and Ukraine: European Union, Freedom, and Responsibility

As Russia pushed into Ukraine, we learned that Germany was still preparing to ship 5,000 helmets to the besieged European country. The US, meanwhile, had already sent $2.5 billion in military aid there since 2014. The contrast between the wills and capabilities of the US and Europe appeared

Eric Clifford Graf
Eric Clifford Graf
8 min read
Politics
The New Eurasian Century

The New Eurasian Century

The current crises in eastern Europe reflect more than just Kremlin mischief-making—they reflect the first fruits of an emerging world order that spans the vastness from Beijing to Berlin. Unlike the longstanding liberal status quo, with its roots in classical civilization and the Enlightenment, this emerging alternative draws upon

Joel Kotkin
Joel Kotkin
8 min read
Politics
What Putin Really Wants

What Putin Really Wants

On Russian President Vladimir Putin’s desk sits a bronze statue of Peter the Great, the tsar who spent his four decades in power waging war on neighbors to establish his country as a great power in Europe. Peter would have understood the nature of the current conflict in Eastern

Christopher Miller
Christopher Miller
7 min read
Russia